Everything turns to air (2015-16), sheng & ensemble
Sheng, flute/bass fl, ob/cor ang, cl/bass cl, al sax/baritone sax, trumpet, trombone, percussion, ‘cello, double bass
[Co-commission ICE & ELISION Ensemble], 40’, premiere Sept 2016, Bendigo

Commission supported by Creative Victoria
Creative development supported by Playking, Victoria

Songs are really just very interesting things to be doing with the air – Tom Waits





Tree of Codes (2013-15)
‘Cut-outs in time’, an opera

See detailed information:Liza Lim – Tree of Codes information and libretto

An opera about bloodlines and memory, time, erasure and illumination based on Jonathan Safran Foer’s Tree of Codes and Bruno Schulz’ Street of Crocodiles

for soprano, high baritone, singer/clarinettist, fifteen other musicians (also vocalising), electronics + theatre performers

Opera commissioned by Oper Köln, Ensemble musikFabrik and HELLERAU – Europäisches Zentrum der Künste, Dresden and in co-operation with the Akademie der Künste der Welt Cologne.

Premiere, 9 April 2016, Staatenhaus, Cologne (Also, 12,14,18,10 April)
Ensemble Musikfabrik, Numero23Prod, singers of Köln Oper conducted by Clement Power, directed by Massimo Furlan
Also, 25 October 2016, TONLAGEN Festival, Hellerau, Dresden

Composer & librettist: Liza Lim
Libretto based upon Tree of Codes written by Jonathan Safran Foer © first published 2010 by Visual Editions; Bruno Schulz’ Street of Crocodiles, English translation by Celina Wieniewska; Johann Wolfgang von Goethe’s Erlkönig and the writings of Michel Foucault.

The Window (2014)

for 1/4-tone flugel horn

duration: 6 minutes

Commissioned by Georgia Iaokimidis-MacDougall as a gift for Callum G’Froerer

Premiere by Callum G’Froerer


There is some kiss we want with our whole lives,
the touch of spirit on the body.
Seawater begs the pearl to break it’s shell.
And the lily,
how passionately it needs some wild darling!
At night I open the window and ask the moon to come and press its face
against mine.
Breathe into me.
Close the language-door and open the love-window.
The moon won’t use the door,
only the window.

– Rumi

AXIS MUNDI (2012-13)

solo bassoon

Commissioned by Ensemble musikFabrik through the Ministry of Culture NRW.

Dedicated to Alban Wesly with whom I collaborated to develop the techniques and notational approaches used in the score. Premiere 4 March 2013, Cologne, MusikFabrik studio concert, Alban Wesly; Premiere rev. version, 1 Oct 2014, Strasbourg

Duration: 10 minutes

Programme note:

Images came to me in a dream: I saw a dead tree with dessicated bark and as I watched, the cracks and hollows filled with insects and larvae. Birds began feeding and breeding until the whole tree was a singing mass of fluttering creatures.


The symbol of the ‘Axis Mundi’ as a central pole extending between Heaven and Earth can be found in many cultures and religions. One of the best known of these is Yggdrasil, the cosmic tree of Norse mythology, whose roots, trunk and branches connect multiple realms of existence. Similarly, in Siberian shamanic cultures, the world tree represents a kind of ladder between lower, middle and upper worlds. Symbolic representations of the tree in the form of a ceremonial staff, a column of smoke or the vibrations of a drum, act as a ritual axis enabling the shaman to enter into states of non-ordinary reality to communicate with animal spirits and other sources of power.


Alban Wesly visited me in Manchester on 23 March 2012 to demonstrate the bassoon: the instrument is a long wooden tube that doubles back on itself, punctuated by a great number of holes and keys. The keys might be thought of as a quite complex ‘management system’ to resolve a natural out-of-tuneness but it was precisely the irregularities of intonation and colour in the bassoon that attracted my attention. Alban and I found a way of organising sounds which takes an ‘inside out’ view of the instrument: in thinking about each hole as a venting point governing the cycles of vibration inside the instrument, and then subtly changing the interaction of these vibrations by opening and closing parts of the acoustic chamber below the open hole, we arrived at a series of irregular scales. These scales are made up of differently sized microtonal intervals and changing ‘behaviours’. There are tones expressed in distinct timbres from bright to dark to fuzzy, and complex multiphonics ranging from highly dissonant rolling tones and roaring frictions to consonant harmonies. Some of the sounds are highly localised, gloriously emerging from the bell at the top of the bassoon or circulating in quite specific regions of the tube. These sonic ‘knots’ inside the vibrating hollow tube of the instrument form the musical material of Axis Mundi. The breath of the musician travelling the hidden pathways across and through these knots activates the many voices of a ‘singing tree’.

The Green Lion Eats the Sun (2014)

for double bell euphonium

Commissioned by Ensemble musikFabrik with the assistance of the Ministry of Culture NRW and dedicated to Melvyn Poore. Premiere: 21 September 2014, Melvyn Poore, Warsaw Autumn Festival

Duration: approx. 7 minutes

Melvyn Poore, April 2015, Cologne

Melvyn Poore, April 2015, Cologne

The Green Lion Eats the Sun was written especially for Melvyn Poore and the double-bell euphonium that he developed in collaboration with the instrument builder Gottfried Büchel during 2011-12. ‘The Green Lion Devouring the Sun’ is one of the classic images of alchemy with a great variety of interpretations as to its possible meaning. The green lion usually represents a powerfully volatile corrosive agent (aqua regis) which swallows seven metals, even dissolving gold in a process of purification.

The solo work explores the sonic worlds of the two bells of the instrument: a muted bell is used to filter fragments of a carnival of sound that are played through the open bell. The muted echoes represent the level of our conscious knowledge that barely catches hold of a riot of activity arising and falling away at the pre-conscious level. Every now and then a more intense communication between the two sides occurs as the bells flutter open and closed.

Green Lion Eats the Sun score covernotes

Also see the blogpost have notebook & pen – will compose about the unusual circumstances of the composition of this work.

Cikada Ensemble play Winding Bodies hcmf2014_photoMaria Fonnelop

Cikada Ensemble play Winding Bodies hcmf//2014_photo Maria Fonnelop

Winding Bodies: 3 knots (2014) for alto flute, bass clarinet, piano, percussion, Norwegian hardingfele (hardanger fiddle), violin, viola, ‘cello, double bass.
Dedicated to the Cikada Ensemble

Commissioned by the Cikada Ensemble with the generous assistance of the Norwegian Arts Council.

Premiere: 11 September 2014, Ultima Festival Oslo, Cikada Ensemble conducted by Christian Eggen. Other performances in 2014: Krakow, Klangspuren Schwaz, Huddersfield Contemporary Music Festival

A knot is the magical image of time turned back on itself – think of a knot and you start thinking of the actions and process of tying it! The place where you were first finds itself next to where you will be next as you interlace a strand and pull it tight. A knot is a material technology for binding and unbinding through friction and tension and is also one of our oldest patterns for story-telling, memory-work, divination and magic. The properties that make a knot ‘knotty’, somehow also appeal to our story-telling instincts when we’re faced with paradoxes and problems intervening in a life of desires, curses, memory and loss. Winding Bodies: 3 Knots looks at the old Nordic tale of sailors ‘buying the wind’ tied in knots – untying the first knot would release a breeze, the second a strong wind and the third contained a hurricane which should never be untied… I would like to make a music that is similarly intertwining in nature, a music made up of a circulating meshwork of lines of activity in which one finds knots of stable coherence and knots that puzzle and confound; a music where knotting describes a poetics of bewilderment as much as of clarity, and where forms grow out of an attention to and fascination with the hurricane of waywardness that sits at the edge of where you think things are going, barely contained by a knot in a rope.

more info about Liza Lim: https://lizalimcomposer.wordpress.com

Instrumentation detail: for alto flute, bass clarinet, piano (with preparation), percussion (guiro, cuica, small friction string-drum, bellows, timpani with drum stick & rasp stick), Norwegian hardingfele (hardanger fiddle), violin, viola, ‘cello, double bass

Gothic (1995-96)
For 8 solo strings (3Vln, 2Vla, 2Vc, D bass)
Duration: 10′
Commissioned by Australian Chamber Orchestra/ANZ Bank
Written whilst composer-in-residence at the Peggy Glanville-Hicks House, Sydney

Premiere: 20 June 1996, Sydney, SCEGGS Hall
Australian Chamber Orchestra, conductor John Harding
Score (137405), Ricordi Milano

Chang-O (1998)
For baritone and percussion
Text by Li Shang yin (in Chinese)
Duration: 8′
Commissioned by Darmstardt Ferienkurse 1998
Premiere: 22 July 1998, Darmstadt, Orangerie
Kurt Widmer, baritone, Mircea Ardeleanu, percussion
Score (138286), Ricordi Milano


This is a duo version of the opening scene of the opera Moon Spirit Feasting (1999).


Anactoria (1998)
For six percussionists
Duration: 15′
Commissioned by Synergy Percussion
Premiere: 19 September 1999, Sydney Opera House, Synergy Percussion
Score (138071), Ricordi Milano


Sappho / Fragment 16
translated by Thomas McEviilley

Some say a host of cavalry, others of infantry, others
of ships, is the most beautiful thing on the dark
earth–but I say it is
whatever one loves;

and it is very easy to make this understood
by everyone, for she who far surpassed
all mankind in beauty, Helen,
leaving her husband, that noble man,

and sailing away, went to Troy,
and she did not care at all for her child
or her parents, but . . . led
her astray

. . .for bend-. . .
and lightly. . .
which now reminds me of Anactoria
who is not here,

whose lovely walk
and shining brightness of face
I would rather see than the chariots of Lydia
and foot-soldiers with all their armor.

see: http://www.sibila.com.br/index.php/sibila-english/733-sappho-tr-thomas-mcevilley

Li Shang yin (1993)
For Coloratura Soprano and 15 instruments
Text by Li Shang yin (in Chinese)
Ob, Cor Ang, Bsn, Cbsn, Sop Sax, Hn, slide Tpt, Tbn, Tuba, Harp, Vln, 2 Vla, 2 Vc
Duration: 15′
Commissioned by the Ensemble Intercontemporain
Premiere: 25 February 1994, Paris, Centre G. Pompidou
Ensemble Intercontemporain, soprano Françoise Kubler, conductor James Wood
Score (136298), Ricordi Milano




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